Animals:Facts about animals

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Facts about some common animals :

TIGER –
  • The tiger is the biggest species of the cat family.

  • Tigers can reach a length of up to 3.3 metres (11 feet) and weigh as much as 300 kilograms (660 pounds).

  •  Tiger cubs leave their mother when they are around 2 years of age.
  • A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’ or ‘streak’.

    Tigers are good swimmers and can swim up to 6 kilometres.

    Tigers have been known to reach speeds up to 65 kph (40 mph).

    Tigers usually hunt alone at night time.

FROG –

  • A frog is an amphibian. They lay their eggs in water. The eggs hatch into a tadpole which lives in water until it metamorphoses into an adult frog.
  • Tadpoles look more like fish than frogs, they have long finned tails and breathe through gills.
  • An amphibian can live both on land and in water.
  • Although frogs live on land their habitat must be near swamps, ponds or in a damp place. This is because they will die if their skin dries out.
  • Instead of drinking water, frogs soak it into their body through their skin.
  • Frogs breathe through their nostrils while also absorbing about half the air they need through their skin.
  • Frogs use their sticky, muscular tongue to catch and swallow food. Unlike humans, their tongue is not attached to the back of its mouth. Instead it is attached to the front, enabling the frog to stick its tongue out much further.

DOLPHINS –

  • Compared to other animals, dolphins are believed to be very intelligent.

  • Dolphins are carnivores (meat eaters).

  • The Killer Whale (also known as Orca) is actually a type of dolphin.

  • Bottlenose dolphins are the most common and well known type of dolphin.

  • Female dolphins are called cows, males are called bulls and young dolphins are called calves.

    Dolphins have excellent eyesight and hearing as well as the ability to use echolocation for finding the exact location of objects.

    Dolphins communicate with each other by clicking, whistling and other sounds

    Dolphins live in schools or pods of up to 12 individuals

    Dolphins use a blowhole on top of their heads to breathe.

     

ELEPHANTS –

  • There are two types of elephant, the Asian elephant and the African elephant (although sometimes the African Elephant is split into two species, the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant).
  • Elephants are the largest land-living mammal in the world.
  • Elephants can swim – they use their trunk to breathe like a snorkel in deep water.
  • Elephants are herbivores and can spend up to 16 hours days collecting leaves, twigs, bamboo and roots.