# Grade 3 Maths (IMO) : Number sense

## Place value and Face value

Face value of a digit  is the digit itself whereas Place value can be termed as the location of the digit in the numeral.

The value of a place in the place value chart is 10 times the value of the place just to its right.

# Grade 3 Maths (IMO) : Multiplication Strategies

A quick look at the grade 2 lesson on introduction to multiplication

Taming the tables &#8211; Tips to introduce multiplication

### While multiplying always remember :

An even number  x an even number = an even number

An odd number x an even number = an even number

An odd number x an odd number = an odd number

### Distributive property of multiplication

Listing down some methods to simplyfy addition.

• Doubles (such as 6 + 6)
• Near doubles: Try adding a double and the remainder. Solve 7 + 6,  (6 + 6+ 1) or (7 + 7 – 1).
• Making a ten or a multiple of 10: To add 7 + 6, I can take 3 from the 6 and put it with the 7 to make 10 and 3. This holds good even with multiples of 10 like 20, 30 40, etc
• 1 more, 1 less: Show problems such as: 8 + 1, 51 + 1, and 6 – 1, 22-1
• Place value Decomposition: 35 + 22 can be decomposed into tens and ones 30+20 added to 5+2. Or 35 – 22 can be decomposed to 30-20 plus 5-2.

Pictorial representation of the strategies above :

Have tried breaking the syllabus given by IMO into smaller parts for better understanding.

Syllabus :

Number sense

• Numerals and number name (3 digits)
• Comparing Numbers
• Arranging numbers in ascending or descending order
• Abacus and Places values
• Expanded form
• Even and odd numbers
• Formation of a number from given digits/information