Grade 2 Science (NSO) : Rocks and minerals

Rocks

Earth is made up of hard matter called rocks. They come in different shapes, colour and size. Rocks are found under the soil, in rivers and seas. They are solid material made up of one or more minerals.

Rocks can be hard ( granite) or soft (chalk)

 

Some important rocks :

Granite : 

Granite is a light-colored igneous rock with grains large enough to be visible with the unaided eye.

It is the most common igneous rock found on the Earth’s surface

Granite is composed mainly of  quartz and fedspar  with minor amounts of mica and other minerals. This mineral composition usually gives granite a red, pink, gray, or white color with dark mineral grains visible throughout the rock .

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