NSO for Class 3 : Syllabus

Grade 3 Syllabus for NSO

Plants and Animals

Different parts of a plant and their functions

Animals

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Class 3 NSO : Soil types

What is soil

Soil is formed by erosion that is breaking up of rocks , by the action of sun, wind and rain. It forms at the surface of land and  is the “skin of the earth.” Soil is capable of supporting plant life and is vital to life on earth.

Soil contains a lot of different things;  a few essential ingredients are listed below:

Sediment Every soil contains some mixture of sediments.  The three main sediments are sand, silt, and clay. The type of sediments  determines a soil’s typeIdeal soils (for farming) are a mixture of the three. 

Organic Matter – Soil contains a lot of partially decomposed organisms which is called organic matter. Microbes in the soil break it down to make important nutrients. Most organic matter comes from plants. This is also called Humus and is dark brown or black in color.

Minerals – There are tons of different minerals in the soil. They’re used by plants for growth. When plants die, their minerals return to the Earth.

Types of soil and properties

 

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Grade 3 science (NSO) : Human body part 3

Links to part 1 and part 2 of the human body

Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Human body part 1

Grade 3 Science(NSO) : Human body part 2

Nervous system

This system controls all our actions, sense of feelings and thinking is called Nervous system.The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body’s electrical wiring.

  • It consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body
  • Brain is the most vital organ of our body
  • It sends and receives messages to and from all parts of the body through nerves
  • Spinal chord is the bundle of nerves that runs up and down the center of the back; connects the brain to the nerves; carries signals between the brain and other parts of the body
  • The brain and spinal cord form the control center known as the central nervous system (CNS).

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Grade 3 Science(NSO) : Human body part 2

We have already covered Skeletal, immune, cardiovascular, muscular and integumentary system in part 1.

Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Human body part 1

Lymphatic system :

It is responsible for the removal of interstitial fluid from tissues. It absorbs and transports fatty acids and fats as chyle from the digestive system. It transports white blood cells to and from the lymph nodes into the bones.

-picks up fluids leaked from the capillaries
-supports immune systems: houses white blood cells
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Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Human body part 1

A look at the grade 2 lessons

Grade 2 Science (NSO): Human Body

Human beings: Parts of the body

Human beings : Sense organs

Our body is made up of different organs and organ systems. There are in all 12 systems in our body

Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Food part 3 – Preservation of food

Food Decay and Preservation

Bacteria and fungi are the main groups of  decomposer organisms. Food decay is also known as food spoilage.

Bacteria and fungi need Food , Warmth and Moisture to grow.

There are several ways to stop or slow down the decay of foods. This is known as Food Preservation.

 

Food preservation methods

 Freezing

Bacteria cannot reproduce at low temperatures.

Bacteria and fungi need warmth to grow. In low temperatures they stop growing.

Following is the list of food preserved by freezing;

  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Fresh foods
  • Cooked foods

Drying

Removing water prevents the microorganisms from growing, or digesting the food.

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Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Food Part 1 – Food Types

A look at the grade 2 lesson

Grade 2 Science(NSO) : Food

Food can be divided into three types

Energy giving food

Give us energy to work. They contain carbohydrate and fats.

Carbohydrates

They are found in foods like rice, pasta, cassava, yam etc. when starchy foods are eaten and digested, simple sugars like glucose are obtained. It is this glucose that the body uses for energy.

There are two major types of carbohydrates:

1. Simple carbohydrates (Sugar)

  • Fruits
  • Milk
  • White sugar you would find in a sugar bowl
  • Chocolates

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Grade 3 Science (NSO) : Food Part 2 – Methods of Cooking

Cooking of food

Cooking improves the flavor of food and also makes the food easier to chew and more digestible. Micro oirganisms present in the food are killed during cooking which makes the food safer to consume. Various methods of cooking are listed below :

Boiling

Involves cooking the food at the boiling temperature of water ie 100 degree centigrade.

Example : Eggs , potatoes etc

Advantages :

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Grade 2 Science (NSO) : Rocks and minerals

Rocks

Earth is made up of hard matter called rocks. They come in different shapes, colour and size. Rocks are found under the soil, in rivers and seas. They are solid material made up of one or more minerals.

Rocks can be hard ( granite) or soft (chalk)

 

Some important rocks :

Granite : 

Granite is a light-colored igneous rock with grains large enough to be visible with the unaided eye.

It is the most common igneous rock found on the Earth’s surface

Granite is composed mainly of  quartz and fedspar  with minor amounts of mica and other minerals. This mineral composition usually gives granite a red, pink, gray, or white color with dark mineral grains visible throughout the rock .

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Grade 3 Science(NSO) : Leaf

Functions of a leaf

Absorbs sunlight

Help in exchange of gases

Carries out photosynthesis

Apex : Tip of leaf

Base : Attaches to petiole ; if petiole is absent attaches directly to stem

Margin : Edge of leaf

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